In April 2021, the UK Government announced it will include the UK’s share of international and shipping (IAS) emissions in its carbon budgets and its binding target to achieve net zero by 2050. This means the entire UK aviation sector will be part of the commitment to reduce economy-wide emissions by 78% below 1990 levels by 2035.
Under the 2008 Climate Change Act, the UK Government is required to set five-year emission reduction targets, known as ‘carbon budgets’. Until now, however, successive governments have resisted including emissions from international aviation in UK carbon budgets because questions about how to account for these emissions still hadn’t been resolved.
The Government’s announcement that it will include IAS in UK climate law, for which AEF has long-campaigned, is an important step towards achieving net zero for aviation. It will help ensure that the Department for Transport’s net zero commitment across all transport modes is delivered, providing greater certainty for investors over what is expected from the aviation and shipping sectors to help drive innovation, and helping to create the right market conditions for the radical new technologies and fuels that will be needed to achieve net zero emissions in these sectors.
The missing link now between the new legislation and aviation reaching net zero emissions by 2050 is a policy plan that can provide a framework to hold the aviation industry to account.
We hope to see targets, an emissions reduction pathway and policy measures set out in the Government’s Transport Decarbonisation Plan and the aviation net zero consultation, both of which are due to be published in 2021. To put UK aviation on track to net zero emissions, we would like to see measures such as: