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Quantifying the contribution of aviation to the economy can be controversial.  Often cost-benefit analyses for large infrastructure projects such as airports do not consider the full environmental costs, and may make claims about indirect economic benefits.

Many of the assessments of aviation’s economic importance that appear in the press and even as part of political discussion are based on analysis funded by the aviation industry. For some alternative assessments of the economic impacts of airports and aviation, see:

CE Delft – The Economics of Airport Expansion available here

New Economics Foundation – Grounded: a new approach to evaluating runway 3 available here

AEF Briefing on connectivity available here

More in depth information about AEF’s views on economic impacts of aviation see our response to the Airports Commission’s consultation on connectivity.